Beneficial Bacteria: Bacteria that feed on fish wastes. They help convert ammonia to nitrites further to nitrates that acts as a natural pond filtrating agents. They are absorbed by the aquatic plants to produce oxygen thus forming a nitrogen cycle. This action reduces the phosphorous and organic waste content in pond avoiding algae formation.
Biological Filtration: Biological filters are those that make use of beneficial bacterial to cleanse water of chemicals and nutrients. Generally, Biological Filtration is achieved using either a Filter Fall or Pressurized Filter.
Bog Filter: The ultimate pond filter for water purity, clarity, and low maintenance. Unlike man made filters, bogs can completely process organic waste, including solid waste, and even process some inorganic waste, such as minerals. The bog filter provides a perfect background for the pond, showcasing plants while allowing more pond surface area to remain open. It also provides a natural looking transition from land to pond, and enhances the landscaping around the pond.
Bog Plant: These perennial aquatic plants, sometimes called marginal plants or shallow water plants, provide vertical accent and texture contrast to your water garden. Some are grown solely for their leaves, while others boast flowers at various times of the season.
Filter Fall: A filter that doubles as a waterfall feature in your pond usually containing filter media that provides surface area for beneficial bacteria to establish & grow colonies.
Formal Pond: Usually characterized as being modern, symmetrical, and mainly integrated in patios, against walls or above ground or with decking.
Informal Pond: Characterized as being naturalistic – using as many natural materials as possible to imitate formations occurring naturally in nature.
Koi Pond: Because koi can grow to be quite large, we recommend that koi ponds be at least 12 – 15′ wide. In order to ensure koi have access to sufficiently cool water during the hot summer months, we recommend that at least one (1) section of your pond, if not the entire pond, be 3′ deep. Biological filtration is also recommended as it’s vital to keep ammonia levels to a minimum in order to maintain healthy fish and to reduce algae.
Lily (Water Lily): Water lilies are divided into two main categories: hardy and tropical. Hardy water lilies bloom only during the day, but tropical water lilies can bloom either during the day or at night, and are the only group to contain blue-flowered plants
Mechanical Filtration: Pre-filter placed before the pump inlet; helps to minimize clogging of the pump.
Pressure Filter: A filter that is completely enclosed; this allows the filter to act as an extension of the plumbing and so does not have to be placed at water level or at the head of the waterfall, can be located at any elevation.
Rubber Liner: Manufactured by Firestone, HCWG uses a 45 mil. EPDM rubber liner that is both plant & fish safe. Additionally, our rubber liner is puncture, scratch & UV resistant and comes with a 20-year warranty.
Semi-Formal Pond: Characterized as being between formal and informal, semi-informal ponds usually are not symmetrical but do retain formal elements such as a sitting wall, cap-stoned edging and rock & mortar masonry.
UV Filtration: A device that uses ultraviolet light to kill free-floating algae, bacteria, and other tiny organisms.